Intel’s Alder Lake processors mark a serious shift within the chipmaker’s design philosophy. For the primary time, we’re seeing a hybrid core structure throughout the board from the world’s largest semiconductor firm. The twelfth Gen Core CPUs additionally undertake DDR5 reminiscence and the PCIe Gen 5 interface for the quickest I/O capabilities. Whereas Alder Lake represents a momentous change in Intel’s CPU structure design, the 14th Gen Meteor Lake lineup will mark probably the most drastic change in its packaging and manufacturing floorplan.
The corporate plans to shift from a monolithic to an MCM or chiplet primarily based design consisting of a number of dies or “tiles” on the identical substrate. Sapphire Rapids-SP would be the first lineup to undertake this technique (with 4 tiles) within the server house, with Meteor Lake following it up within the shopper section. In keeping with a report from Commerical Instances, Intel shall be leveraging a number of foundries and course of nodes to energy its Meteor Lake processors.
The compute tiles (CPU cores and logic) shall be fabbed on the Intel 4 node (7nm), and the GPU tile with as much as 192 EUs shall be manufactured on TSMC’s 3nm (N3) course of. Moreover, the SoC or the I/O die can even be fabbed by TSMC, albeit on the extra mature 4nm (N4) node. Provided that TSMC’s 3nm node gained’t enter mass manufacturing earlier than the second half of 2022, which means Meteor Lake gained’t be launching earlier than H2 2023 (probably even early 2024).
The not too long ago introduced Xe-HPG “Alchemist” graphics playing cards are the primary main household from Intel to depend on a third-party foundry from the get-go. The ARC GPUs will leverage TSMC’s 6nm (N6) node to compete with AMD and NVIDIA’s newest choices on even floor. They’re slated to launch within the first half of 2022. With each AMD and NVIDIA launching their next-gen graphics playing cards by late 2022, Intel gained’t get a lot time to arrange its 2nd technology of ARC graphics playing cards. These, like their rivals, will virtually actually be fabbed on TSMC’s 5nm (N5) course of and land someday within the first half of 2023.
Along with Meteor Lake and Alchemist, Intel’s Xe-HPC mega-chip Ponte Vecchio can even make the most of TSMC’s 5nm and 7nm course of nodes to fab the compute and Xe-Hyperlink dies, respectively. Along with a chiplet structure, the 14th Gen Meteor Lake lineup can even reap the benefits of the 2nd Gen Foveros 3D stacking expertise to attenuate die space and energy, whereas maximizing efficiency. Meteor Lake will characteristic the Redwood Cove because the efficiency cores and Crestmont cores because the effectivity cores. A significant improve to each the core architectures in addition to the packaging applied sciences ought to enable for an enormous uplift in general efficiency. It’s price noting that AMD is already planning to launch its first shopper lineup with 3D stacked V-Cache within the first half of 2022 within the type of Zen 3D/Ryzen 5000 XT.
Through: Commerical Instances